Estudio sobre la percepción de los estudiantes de Bachillerato en Enfermería al utilizar la evaluación clínica objetiva estructurada (ECOE) en simulación clínica en cursos de Enfermería en Puerto Rico


Resumen

El estudio que se presenta estuvo dirigido a la exploración de la percepción de estudiantes de Bachillerato en Enfermería sobre la utilización de la Evaluación Clínica Objetiva Estructurada (ECOE / OSCE) en cursos de enfermería en una universidad en Puerto Rico.  La ECOE, es una metodología educativa internacionalmente reconocida por su validez y fiabilidad para evaluar las competencias clínicas en los profesionales de ciencias de la salud de manera formativa y (o) sumativa. El paradigma de la investigación es cuantitativo no experimental descriptivo transversal. Los datos fueron recopilados, mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario semiestructurado con preguntas abiertas y cerradas utilizando la escala Likert.  Para el análisis estadístico se utilizaron medidas de tendencia central y dispersión, frecuencias, porcentajes y el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Preguntas abiertas relacionadas con fortalezas, debilidades y recomendaciones relacionadas a la ECOE mencionadas por los estudiantes, fueron examinadas mediante el análisis de contenido.  Los resultados de la distribución porcentual y absoluta de los estudiantes por ítems del cuestionario utilizado para este estudio, revelaron que los participantes percibían la ECOE como una herramienta de ayuda en la evaluación de destrezas clínicas en enfermería.  Los resultados comprobaron, además, la efectividad de la ECOE para medir el logro de las competencias profesionales en cursos de enfermería.  Mediante las propias expresiones de los estudiantes en cuanto a las fortalezas y debilidades de la ECOE, pudieron identificarse áreas a mejorar al utilizar la misma en cursos de enfermería.


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Cómo citar

Rivera Vélez, R. (2018). Estudio sobre la percepción de los estudiantes de Bachillerato en Enfermería al utilizar la evaluación clínica objetiva estructurada (ECOE) en simulación clínica en cursos de Enfermería en Puerto Rico. Educational Research, 2(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29314/10.29314/mlser.v2i2.76


Estadísticas


Biografía del autor/a

Reina Del Carmen Rivera Vélez, Estudiante doctoral UNINI FUNIBER

Ms. Reina Rivera is a Masters prepared nurse with thirty four years of experience in the hospital setting as Critical Care Nurse and as faculty since 1988. She has contributed greatly to the professional development of students at the Associate Degree level as well as in the BSN level of the Health Science School of Universidad Metropolitana of Puerto Rico; since 2000 to present. Currently I am conducting studies leading to a doctorate in education in health sciences to expand their professional development and contribute to increase excellence in nursing education. The doctoral thesis’ topic is Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation (OSCE) and Simulation in nursing education. Since April 2016, Reina Rivera was assigned to work as a simulation specialist in the HRSA project: Addressing SDOH in Nursing Education in Puerto Rico. At present, she continues to work with faculty and students in this area. She has designed new simulation scenarios and formats for faculty and students. She works in collaboration with technicians and tutors of the Clinical Simulation Center providing support in simulation scenarios. She has also integrated innovative evaluative methodologies in the practice of clinical simulation in nursing courses. She exhibits qualities such as leadership, and commitment and serves as a role model to our students. She is also active in community service, participating in health-related activities on a regular basis. Positions and Honors 2016 Simulation specialist HRSA Project: Addressing SDOH in Nursing in Puerto Rico 2013 Certificate as a Distinguished Simulo-educator in Nursing UMET / ASEPUR 2013 to present Chair of the Faculty Recruitment Committee of the UMET Nursing Program 2013 to present Active member of the UMET General Education Commission 2012 to present Active member of the Assessment Committee 2012 to present Leader of the Medical-Surgical I course of the UMET Nursing Program


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